Early Signs of Pregnancy

Every pregnant woman experiences some early signs of pregnancy.

During pregnancy body & hormones start to change, which brings some typical pregnancy symptoms in every woman.

Though the most pregnancy related symptoms are same in all woman’s, the severity of those symptoms differs from one woman to another.

Early pregnancy symptoms are caused by increased level of estrogen (also termed as pregnancy hormone) while in the last trimester increase size of uterus & growing blood volume brings many symptoms.

When do the signs of pregnancy start to appear first?

It all depend on age, weight, previous medical history of pregnant women.

Some women even able to notice early signs of pregnancy before missed period.

Genetic factors also play the role deciding exactly when a woman will start feeling signs of pregnancy. It varies women to women.

Most of the pregnant women start experiencing these symptoms in 3rd to 4th week of pregnancy. It all start with brown colored vaginal spotting, which is termed as implantation bleeding.


Implantation bleeding occurs prior to the date of menstruation, but many women confuse this with menstrual bleeding. So missed period is an important symptom of pregnancy.

What are the most important earliest signs &symptoms that healthy pregnancy brings?

There are few physical signs & symptoms that every healthy pregnancy brings in first two to three weeks. These signs start even before you miss your period.
Though these symptoms are hard to recognize in first two weeks, it may get enhanced as pregnancy progress.

  • Nausea
  • General weakness
  • Tenderness of Breasts
  • Cramps in abdomen
  • Increased vaginal discharge
  • Occasional lower back pain

Though these are few earliest signs of pregnancy, it is completely normal that many women do not experience any of them.

In some cases, women start to experience the above-mentioned symptoms but gets a negative result for urine pregnancy test.

So it is worthy to repeat the test after a week or two. Because urine pregnancy test detects human chorionic gonadotropin hormone (hCG), and many time its level is too low to detect by UPT kits.

What are other signs & symptoms of early pregnancy?

All symptoms that we mentioned above comes during early days of pregnancy and continue throughout the first trimester or pregnancy.

Some women mat experience them in 2nd and even 3rd trimester. it all depends upon your hormone levels.

  • Morning Sickness
  • Dull headaches
  • Change in mood (Mood Swings)
  • Fatigues
  • Constipation or Loose stools
  • Frequent Micturition
  • Tenderness and enlargement of breast
  • Increase in body temperature
  • Darkening of areola and nipples
  • Changed Hunger & food cravings
  • Cramps in abdomen and legs
  • Metallic taste in mouth
  • Pelvic pain & other joint pain
  • Breathlessness on small exertion
  • General weakness with feeling sleepy all the time
  • Increased thirsts with dryness of mouth
  • Acid reflux with indigestion
  • Increased mucus vaginal discharge
  • Excessive salivation
  • A sore throat with sneezing
  • Increased sweating
  • Rhinitis or sore throat of pregnancy

Many women experience flu-like symptom during early weeks of pregnancy. Though a sore throat is not an ideal sign of pregnancy, it is possible for women to experience a sore throat as an early sign of pregnancy during 6 to 12-day past ovulation.

  • Increased gas production in the digestive system, which leads to burping.
  • Excessive flatulence
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Weight gain
  • Bleeding gums
  • Some may experience asthma and allergies
  • Pedal edema (Swelling of feet)
  • Constipation
  • Linea nigra

What are the signs of multiple pregnancies?

Most of the signs and symptoms of single pregnancy remain same even you conceive for twin or triplet babies.

The only glitch is some symptoms enhances with multiple pregnancies. Because the hormones that bring these pregnancy symptoms are higher in multiple pregnancies.

Blood volume and size of the uterus also increases in multiple pregnancies than that of a single pregnancy.

So, the symptoms like mood swing, nausea, change in appetite, vomiting, indigestion, constipation, breathlessness on exertion, back pain and frequent urination urge are more prominent in twin or multiple pregnancies.

What are the warning signs & symptoms of pregnancy?

Almost all of above-mentioned symptoms are normal signs of pregnancy. But there are few warning signs & symptoms that every pregnant woman should pay attention too & must seek medical advice.

Server per vaginal bleeding – This may indicate the miscarriage and one must seek doctors advice as soon as possible.

Long lasting abdominal pain – Persistent abdominal pain may be a result of any abdominal discomfort and should be paid attention to.

Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea lasting more than 24 hours – If any of these symptoms persist for more than 24 hours and interfere with your daily routine, then you must seek medical advice. Vomiting and diarrhea can lead to electrolyte imbalance and shock.

Preeclampsia symptoms – like a persistent headache, blurred vision, chest pain, and edema. These signs may indicate increased blood pressure during pregnancy.

High-grade fever with chills, burning urination, groin pain, cloudy urine.

Severe hives or continuous itching of skin, palm as well as soles.

Edema of the face, feet, and hands accompanied by rapid weight gain in a short period.

Excessive thirst, hunger and frequent urge for urination suggest gestational diabetes.

Early Signs of Pregnancy Before Missed Period –

Here are 12 very early signs & symptoms of pregnancy before missed period, that can help you to predict whether you are conceived or not.

Every woman should well verse with her body to catch these subtle changes that early pregnancy brings. If you are paying attention and keeping track of the change that happens to your body then you don’t have to wait until you miss the period to get the pregnancy news.

Though missed period is one of the most trusted indicators of pregnancy there are many other sign & symptoms associated with early pregnancy.

Due to drastic changes in hormonal levels of hCG, Progesterone, and Estrogen during pregnancy, every woman experiences a set of symptoms that points towards pregnancy.

Once your ovum gets fertilized hormone hCG level starts to rise rapidly in first 10 weeks of pregnancy which leads to frequent micturition, nausea & vomiting.

Increased level of Progesterone and Estrogen can cause breast sensitivity, soreness, fatigue, smell sensitivity, stomach bloating & emotional fluctuations etc.

Changes in daily life

You will feel the changes that pregnancy brings to your body. Pregnancy is a beginning of new life and it’s awesome.

Pay attention to these signs that come very early before you miss the period.

Nausea & Morning sickness

As discussed above, increased level of hCG triggers nausea and occasional vomiting.

This is termed as morning sickness, but it can happen at any time of the day.

During first 10 weeks of pregnancy, hCG levels increase rapidly almost double within every two to three days. hCG is an abbreviation for Human Chorionic Gonadotropin hormone.

Many health professionals call it as an announcer of pregnancy because it is the only hormone that is used to detect pregnancy using urine pregnancy test kits.

Frequent Micturition Urge

Another sign caused by increased hCG level.

hCG increases blood supply of the pelvis & urinary bladder which triggers frequent micturition. The bladder cannot tolerate even a small amount of urine and you get the urge to pee.

This sign fades away after the first trimester but returns in the third trimester as growing baby start to push on your bladder.

Breast Soreness and Sensitivity

Breast soreness and sensitivity are the important sign of early pregnancy.

Increased progesterone & Estrogen levels promote the growth of breasts. During this growth-process breasts become tender and sore.

General Fatigue

Increased Progesterone causes general fatigue.

It also has the same effect on brain forcing you to sleep more than usual and making you drowsy.

During the first trimester, you will feel complete exhaustion, fatigue, sleepiness and drowsiness but as you enter in the second trimester everything becomes normal.

Implantation Bleeding

Implantation bleeding occurs when fertilized ovum get attached to the wall of the uterus.

Many women confuse this bleeding with their menstrual cycle but be informed that this happens little before your due date of menstrual bleeding. Usually during 23 to 26 days of the cycle.

It is scanty and does not last more than a couple of days. Few women might not notice this as it happens in approximately 30% pregnant women.

Changing Hunger

Rising level of hormones leads to drastic changes in your appetite.

You will feel hungrier. Your food preferences will change. You may feel nauseated by the smell of certain food while you will crave for some another type of food.

It is observed that many pregnant women crave for salty, spicy & sour food like pickles.

 Mood Swings

You may feel angry, happy or depressed at any time of the day.

You will realize that your mood swings more than usual and sometimes you feel extra emotional than usual.


You may feel cramping in your abdomen, especially in the pelvic area.

Endometrium of the uterus starts to enhance to provide fertile ground for your ovum. This can trigger slight discomfort in the pelvic region.

Sore throat and stuffed nose

This not scientifically verified sign of pregnancy.

But many women experience a sore throat or stuffy nose 6 to 12 DPO because of increased blood flow to the mucous membrane of a nasal cavity. This is due to high level of hCG hormone.

Headache & Lower back pain

Though lower back pain is not an ideal early pregnancy sign, some women may experience a headache.

This may be caused increased hCG levels which lead to congestion. A headache may also be caused by lower blood sugar levels.

Missed period

The most important indicator of pregnancy.

If you experience most of the above mention signs- symptoms & eventually miss the period then it’s time to do a urine pregnancy test.

Consult your doctor and do the test.

We also wrapped up these signs of early pregnancy in a handy infographic. Check it out –

Early Sign Of Pregnancy Infographic


Dr. Sachin

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